By Kirschkamp A.
Firms have to determine hazards and possibilities of environmental alterations so one can adapt to or in all probability even to steer them. Early caution which includes scaning and interpretation performs a major function during this strategy. while the conventional contingency method considers early caution as part of the organizational constitution, the prolonged contigency thought assumes the extra effect of an individual's character on early caution.
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Extra info for A Contigency-Based View of Chief Executive Officer's Early Warning Behavior: An Emirical Analysis of German Medium-Sized Companies
35. See Gerdin and Greve (2004), p. 306. See Lawrence and Lorsch (1967), p. 186. ]“ Payne and Pugh (1976), p. 1126. See also Breilmann (1990), p. 16 and Lawrence and Lorsch (1967), p. 17. For an overview of effect of the organizational structure on the individual see Kieser and Kubicek (1992), p. 422f. Contingency Theory as an Approach to Explain Early Warning Behavior 32 Context Organizational Individual Structure Behavior Part C Organizational Success Figure 11: 2 Assumed Causal Relationships by the Contingency Theory 215 Extension of the Classical Contingency Theory The main assumption of the classical contingency theory that the organization is only determined by its environment was criticized by researchers such as SILVERMAN,216 CHILD and MANSFIELD.
73 Examples of such indicators are interest rates or the order volume of specific clients. 74 Indicators are often a composite of various ratios. 75 The surveillance of indicators 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 See Liebl (1991), 4f. and Gomez (1983), p. 15f. See Krystek and Müller-Stewens (1993), p. 59. For a general critique of business ratios see Küting and Weber (1999), p. 48ff. See Krystek (1990), p. 70. Schäffer considers the comparison of extrapolated values with planned ones also as a comparison of planed values with real ones.
And Meyer (1981), p. 520. Liu (1998), p. 298. See also Daft and Weick (1984), p. 286 and Taylor and Fiske (1978), p. 250ff. See Daft and Weick (1984), p. 286 and Argyris and Schon (1978), p. 17ff. Daft and Weick (1984), p. 286. See Thomas, Clark and Gioia (1993), p. 242. See also Ginsberg (1986), p. 560ff. Terrebery (1968), p. 590. Daft and Weick (1984), p. 286. Part B Understanding of Early Warning in Literature and Definition of Important Terms 25 to the prior two steps. 163 DAFT’s and WEICK’s model of organizations as a system of interpretation is visualized below.