By Dan O'Hair, Hannah Rubenstein, Rob Stewart
This best-selling short creation to public conversing bargains useful assurance of each subject in general lined in a full-sized textual content, from invention, examine, and association, to perform and supply. Its concise, low-cost structure makes it excellent for the general public talking direction, and any environment around the curriculum, at the activity, or in the neighborhood. The fourth version deals even more desirable assurance of the basics of speechmaking, whereas additionally addressing the altering realities of public talking in a electronic global, with a brand new bankruptcy on on-line displays, and new instruments and recommendation for locating and comparing on-line assets.
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Extra info for A Pocket Guide to Public Speaking
1 illustrates some of these values in China, India, Mexico, and Iraq. Focus on Universal Values As much as possible, it is important to try to determine the attitudes, beliefs, and values of audience members. At the same time, you can focus on certain values that, if not universally shared, are probably universally aspired to in the human heart. 1 • CORE VALUES IN CHINA, INDIA, MEXICO, AND IRAQ CHINA INDIA • Modesty • Tolerance • Filial piety • Stoicism • Respect for hierarchy • Pride (not losing face) • Wisdom • Family orientation • Material success and creativity • Fatalism • Do-it-yourself mentality • Honor of family and group • Problem-solving MEXICO IRAQ • Group loyalty • Mañana (cyclical time) • Machismo • Family closeness • Saving face at all costs • Deference to age • Mysticism, fatalism • Devoutness • Hospitality • Gender inequality • Values rhetoric • Pride in ancient heritage • Moralism Source: Adapted from material in Richard D.
Steer clear of jargon, and define unclear terms. • Repeat important points, summarizing information often. 6 • Analyzing the Audience 39 If listeners are negatively disposed toward the topic, • Focus on establishing rapport and credibility. • Don’t directly challenge listeners’ attitudes; instead begin with areas of agreement. • Discover why they have a negative bias in order to tactfully introduce the other side of the argument. • Offer solid evidence from sources they are likely to accept. 5 If listeners hold positive attitudes toward the topic, • Stimulate the audience to feel even more strongly by emphasizing the side of the argument with which they agree.
Remind yourself of all the reasons that public speaking is helpful personally, socially, and professionally. Think positively about public speaking, and remind yourself that it is an opportunity toward, not a threat to, personal growth. 3 • Managing Speech Anxiety 19 Just before a speech those feelings of anxiety undoubtedly try to sneak in. The way I keep them from taking over is to not let my mind become negative. As long as I keep positive thoughts of confidence in my head, anxiety doesn’t stand a chance!