A Theory of Textuality: The Logic and Epistemology by Jorge J. E. Gracia

By Jorge J. E. Gracia

This can be the 1st accomplished and systematic idea of textuality that takes under consideration the correct perspectives of either analytic and Continental thinkers and likewise of significant ancient figures. the writer indicates that the majority of the confusion surrounding textuality is the results of 3 elements: a too-narrow figuring out of the class; an absence of a formal contrast between logical, epistemological, and metaphysical concerns; and an absence of right grounding of epistemological and metaphysical questions about logical analyses. the writer starts with a logical research of the concept of textual content leading to a definition that serves because the foundation for the differences he accordingly attracts among texts at the one hand and language, artifacts, and artwork gadgets at the different; and for the class of texts in accordance with their modality and serve as. the second one a part of the e-book makes use of the conclusions of the 1st half to unravel many of the epistemological concerns that have been raised approximately texts by way of philosophers of language, semioticians, hermeneuticists, literary critics, semanticists, aestheticians, and historiographers.

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Sample text

But the identity conditions of the entities that constitute texts considered apart from their function as texts may vary a great deal, depending on the entities in question, for these entities have meaning only if they are used as texts. Indeed, as we saw earlier, some of those entities may be physical, whereas others may be mental. In no case, however, do those conditions include all the conditions identified in the definition of texts, unless they are used as texts. One point that needs to be kept in mind is that, because the entities that constitute texts are complex, not all features of those entities are semantically significant, that is, not all of them are used to convey meaning.

Thus it makes no sense to say that meaning is always the same as reference. 22 Thus the meaning of 1 earlier is the idea that two plus two equals four. But again there are difficulties with this theory. Some of these difficulties are related to the view (held by some supporters of this position) that ideas are independent of the mind, whereas others have to do with the experience that the use of texts is seldom, if ever, preceded by a clear set of ideas in the mind of the author or user. These difficulties concern the status of ideas.

20 Moreover, it is also not evident that the meanings of texts, particularly long and complex texts, can be accounted for in terms of reference, for what would be the reference of the text of Gibbon's History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire? The history of the decline and fall of the Roman Empire? The Roman Empire? A particular set of events through which the Roman Empire passed? Gibbon's view of the history of the decline and fall of the Roman Empire? Obviously, the answer is not clear.

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