Access to History. The USA and the Cold War 1945-63 by Oliver Edwards

By Oliver Edwards

The chilly warfare is an enormous and complicated subject in contemporary overseas historical past. the writer of this name has delineated the function of the U.S. from the worldwide clash, with the intention to concentration upon the reasons, direction and effects of yank coverage. strategies resembling "containment", "roll again" and "massive retaliation" are deconstructed in a transparent and concise demeanour. diplomacy are tested as responses to US activities, allowing scholars to acquire a coherent assessment of America's involvement on this planet guidelines of the interval and delivering them with solutions to complicated questions which require immense real wisdom.

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In December 1945 George Marshall was appointed as ambassador to China. His brief was clear: to arrange a truce between the CCP and the KMT in the renewed civil war, to ensure Nationalist domination of Manchuria, to secure the withdrawal of Soviet troops from there and to oversee the creation of a coalition government with authority over all of China. Within this government the Nationalists would form the majority. The Americans wanted the KMT to be the dominant force in Chinese politics and to marginalise the CCP.

How important were they in relation to the other factors you discussed? 40 The United States and the Beginning of the Cold War 1945–6 Source-based questions on Chapter 2 1. Extracts from Life magazine, 1943 and 1946 Read the extracts on pages 13 and 28, and answer the following questions. a) In the context of the first extract explain the meaning of ‘control of information’ (line 15). (1 mark) b) In the context of the second extract explain the meaning of ‘the essentials of a free society’ (lines 9–10).

Many army officers and intellectuals also disappeared. They were shot by the Soviet secret police and interred in mass graves in the Katyn Forest west of Smolensk where their bodies were discovered by the Germans in 1943. A nation stripped of its army officers and intellectual elite would be less likely to challenge Soviet domination of Poland. Similarly in August 1944 Soviet troops waited outside Warsaw and offered no help to the Polish resistance movement fighting the Germans in the Warsaw Rising.

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