Ancestral Encounters in Highland Madagascar: Material Signs by Zoë Crossland

By Zoë Crossland

Nineteenth-century highland Madagascar was once a spot inhabited via the useless up to the residing. Ghosts, ancestors, and the possessed have been very important historic actors along neighborhood kings and queens, squaddies, investors, and missionaries. This e-book considers the demanding situations that such actors pose for ancient bills of the previous and for puzzling over questions of presence and illustration. How have been the useless made current, and the way have been they famous or now not? In getting to those multifarious encounters of the 19th century, how may possibly we give some thought to the ways that our personal history-writing makes the useless current? To take on those questions, Zoë Crossland tells an anthropological historical past of highland Madagascar from a point of view rooted in archaeology and Peircean semiotics, in addition to in panorama learn, oral background, and textual assets.

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Renel describes these as anonymous and malicious, often setting fires in the countryside. They could be dangerous presences, and a ritual specialist was needed to mediate encounters with them, especially with those of the most powerful angatra (angabe) who could be summoned by ill-intentioned sorcerers. Lolo were yet another form of ghost, with varying characteristics according to region. Often invoked as “spirits of the earth,” they could also be dangerous and malevolent, sometimes drowning people or attacking cattle.

After death, it would stay attached to the body for a while, and relatives would talk with it in preparation for its departure. It could pursue the living, who passed by a recent grave. Avelo was another term noted by Renel to have a largely overlapping semantic field. It is also given as avelona, meaning “living” or “alive,” and emphasizing the association of these spirits with the living rather than the dead. In contrast to the ambiroa and avelo was a class of spirits associated mostly with the dead.

It is also given as avelona, meaning “living” or “alive,” and emphasizing the association of these spirits with the living rather than the dead. In contrast to the ambiroa and avelo was a class of spirits associated mostly with the dead. org/core. org/core/terms. 001 Introduction 15 and understood as ancestors (razana). He suggested that the matoatoa corresponded most closely to European revenants and ghosts. ” while making demands for meat or rum. Fire was a visible sign of them: “Often they make fire on the hills.

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