By Georges Roux
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Extra resources for Ancient Iraq: Third Edition
Investiture of Zimri-Lim as King of Mari by the goddess Ishtar. 8. The world as seen by the Sumerians. 9. The oval temple of Khafaje. 10. The ‘helmet’ of Meskalamdug, King of Ur. 11. The ziqqurat of Ur in the time of the Third Dynasty of Ur. 12. The temple of Ishtar-kititum at Ischâli. 13. ). 14. A private house at Ur. 15. Examples of the so-called Khabur and Nuzi potteries. 16. Terracotta from Dûr-Kurigalzu. 17. Nimrud during the 1956 excavations. 18. Principal sites in the vicinity of Mosul. 19.
In order to satisfy the requirements of this category of readers, I have enlarged on certain points, perhaps considered by many as of secondary importance, and provided each chapter with rather copious bibliographical and explanatory notes. The thought that this work could be of some help to young students of antiquity will, I hope, render the general public more tolerant to its occasional heaviness. I have endeavoured to make this work as simple, clear and readable as humanly possible, but at the same time accurate and up to date.
Outside Mesopotamia two great roads led in a westerly direction towards Syria and the Mediterranean coast. These roads were, of course, simple desert tracks, for the paved highways which have been found outside the gates of several cities were unlikely to go very far inland. The first road started from Sippar (near Fallujah, at the latitude of Baghdad), followed the Euphrates as far as Mari or some other market-place in the Abu-Kemal–Deir-ez-Zor area, and, cutting straight through the desert via Tidmur (Palmyra), reached the region of Horns, where it divided into several branches to the Phoenician ports, Damascus or Palestine.