Aneurin Bevan: A Biography, Volume 2: 1945–1960 by Michael Foot

By Michael Foot

Publish yr note: First released in 1973
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Michael Foot's two-volume biography of Aneurin 'Nye' Bevan (1897-1960) - arguably Britain's maximum socialist, indelibly linked to the founding of the nationwide well-being provider - is among the significant political biographies of the final century. it's the lifetime of an inspirational flesh presser, written by way of person who knew and unabashedly favourite him.

Volume II, first released in 1973, starts off with Bevan's position within the founding of a entire nationwide well-being provider - this whereas he used to be additionally tasked with addressing the country's critical post-war housing scarcity. It takes in his 1951 resignation from the cupboard in protest on the creation of prescription fees, and his next management of a 'Bevanite' Labour left; his ebook in 1952 of rather than worry; his carrier as Shadow overseas Secretary throughout the Suez hindrance in 1956; his arguable reversal of competition to nuclear guns in 1957; and his demise from melanoma in 1960.

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At the time Fatah was founded and for many years thereafter, most Palestinians did not share Arafat's Palestinian nationalist views. Instead, they expected that Arab states would unite behind Egypt's wildly popular Nasser, not a Palestinian movement and leader, and would launch a conventional war, not a guerrilla or terrorist assault, which would eliminate Israel. Once Israel disappeared, it would be replaced not by a Palestinian state but by the Palestinian province of a much larger Arab country.

Even if Israel withdrew from all of the West Bank and Gaza, Fatah explained, "The source of the aggression,... the alien Zionist presence in our land" would remain. "8 He YASIR ARAFAT 38 prevailed over doubtful colleagues by exaggerating the chance for revolution on the West Bank. 9 Growing a beard to change his appearance and taking the alias of Dr. Fawzi al-Husseini—a revealing choice that linked him to his powerful, albeit distant, Husseini cousins—Arafat began organizing underground cells.

Arafat claims that he participated as a fighter, but again there is no proof of this. 36 The next year, 1955, the government clashed with the Muslim Brotherhood. Nasser was speaking to a big rally in Alexandria when gunshots rang out and a lightbulb just above his head exploded. The regime blamed the Brotherhood, and there were mass arrests of its YASIR ARAFAT 20 leaders. Arafat claims that he was imprisoned for several weeks. 37 But almost immediately, the Egyptian authorities changed their attitude toward Arafat.

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