Anomia: neuroanatomical and cognitive correlates by Harold Goodglass, Arthur Wingfield

By Harold Goodglass, Arthur Wingfield

Anomia is the shortcoming to entry spoken names for gadgets, most of the time linked to the aged or people with mind harm to the left hemisphere. Anomia deals the state of the art evaluate of issues of naming, written by way of stated specialists from worldwide, approached from either scientific and theoretical viewpoints. Goodglass, identified worldwide for his study in aphasia and speech pathology, edits Read more...

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Morton & Patterson, 1980). Triesman (Triesman, 1960) and Morton (Morton, 1964) were perhaps the first to crystallize the notion of such units and discuss their properties in print. It is not clear to this author what evidence or influence led to the postulation of these units and their properties. The notion of units seems to lend itself naturally to the world of letters, speech sounds, words, and perhaps even meanings. Activation, decay, and the rest do seem to fit with subjective impressions about how ideas or perceptions pop into our minds.

Regardless of whether they appear in classical or more modern models, these units and their properties have proven to be enormously useful in cognitive science. They have endowed theories using them with great heuristic and explanatory power. Dell's (1986,1988,1990) model of word production is an example of a model incorporating more classical nodes, with externally assigned values. 's (1996) model of single-word reading aloud demonstrates the power of a combination of externally specified units (the basic orthographic and phonetic representations) coupled with a connectionist learning approach to the associations between them.

There is widespread agreement about even further details (such as the existence oi phonological frames; see Dell et al, in press), and widespread disagreement about many others. The available neurologic evidence from humans does suggest that it is necessary to make one important modification to the psychological model of the stages involved in visual confrontation naming; that is, to recognize the existence of processing in the nondominant hemisphere (see Figure 2). There seems to be universal agreement that the human cerebral hemispheres have two anatomically distinct systems for visual object recognition.

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