Anxiety Disorders and Gender by Dan J. Stein

By Dan J. Stein

Anxiety and comparable issues are universal stipulations that disproportionately impact girls. during this ebook, the epidemiology, psychobiology, analysis, assessment, pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy of significant anxiousness and similar issues are tested with detailed connection with the consequences of gender and intercourse on medical presentation and therapy. The stipulations thought of comprise generalized anxiousness sickness, obsessive-compulsive illness, panic illness, posttraumatic pressure affliction and social anxiousness sickness. furthermore, the administration of tension and similar problems while pregnant and lactation are mentioned. concluding chapters in particular deal with nervousness issues in girls and in males, summarizing key issues for clinicians and researchers. The authors are major clinicians, together with either psychiatrists and psychologists, from round the globe.

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Patients learn how to relax based on progressive muscle relaxation and to decrease the time to relaxation using several practice steps. Finally, they will be able to apply a short relaxation procedure whenever first signs of anxiety, worry or tension arise in order to reduce autonomic arousal and cope with the anxiety eliciting situations. Massed worry exposure attempts to target more directly the putative underlying core pathogenic mechanisms of the disorder (Hoyer and Beesdo-Baum 2012). Patients are exposed to emotions and cognitions that are avoided during episodes of worrying.

J Psychiatr Res 45(8):1027–1035 Melchior M, Caspi A, Milne BJ, Danese A, Poulton R, Moffitt TE (2007) Work stress precipitates depression and anxiety in young, working women and men. Psychol Med 37(8):1119–1129 Meng XF, Kou CG, Shi JP, Yu YQ, Huang YQ (2011) Susceptibility genes, social environmental risk factors and their interactions in internalizing disorders among mainland Chinese undergraduates. J Affect Disord 132(1–2):254–259 Mennin DS, Heimberg RG, Turk CL, Fresco DM (2002) Applying an emotion regulation framework to integrative approaches to generalized anxiety disorder.

Generally, there is little research on possible gender differences regarding efficacy or side effects for these drugs, although it was suggested that the female hormonal cycle might interact with serotonergic antidepressants (Martenyi et al. 2001). Some sparse research on gender-specific effects is available for specific serotonergic drugs: While men and women responded equally to sertraline, treatment response seems to be lower for women treated with fluoxetine but higher for women treated with venlafaxine (Pollack et al.

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