Apprehension and Argument: Ancient Theories of Starting by Miira Tuominen

By Miira Tuominen

This publication bargains the 1st synoptic examine of the way the first components in wisdom constructions have been analysed in antiquity from Plato to past due historic commentaries. It argues that, within the Platonic-Aristotelian culture, the query of beginning issues was once handled from particular issues of view: as a query of ways we gather easy wisdom; and as a query of the premises we could instantly settle for within the line of argumentation.

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R. Lloyd 1979, 1–9) that even though what might be called Greek science was in some sense different from our contemporary science, the term can be used if one keeps in mind that not all the connotations of the contemporary use of the term apply in antiquity. For a recent study underlining the connection between Plato’s discussions and the themes within philosophy of science, see Gregory (2000). For my taste Gregory’s view is at some points exaggerated. He, for instance, claims that the theory of recollection is supposed to solve the problem of under-determination of scientific theories by perceptual data.

10 For the acceptability of the premises of the Socratic refutations as analogous to what Aristotle calls reputable conceptions ((ldnmnl), see Bolton (1993). 11 For the arguments of equipollence (åqnqh2leia), see Bett (2000a, 208–209). For a short discussion of the differences between Socratic and sceptical arguments, see Kanayama (2000, 50–51) and Sedley (1983b, 9–10); cf. ) 1999). 12 In the discussion the false thesis of the opponent leads to contradiction, because he also has some true conceptions on the same subject.

53 However, this point should not be exaggerated. In a sense the Topics does provide an analysis of the nature of dialectical encounters by providing practical advice concerning how to deal with such encounters in an optimal way. Even though Aristotle does not provide us with an example of a complete dialectical syllogism, the treatise is full of examples of what kind of premises the questioner should ask the opponent to accept and in general of what kind of considerations are relevant for the encounter on both sides.

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