Artemis von Ephesos und verwandte Kultstatuen aus Anatolien by R. Fleischer

By R. Fleischer

The forerunner of this complete and completely descriptive catalogue of statues and different repre-sentations was once the paintings released in Berlin by way of Hermann Thiersch, Artemis Ephesia, I. Katalog der erhaltenen Denkmäler (Abh. Göttingen, 1935, lately reprinted). Fleischer has augmented the fabric through approximately one-third. His learn is typological and expressly renounces any situation with the similar cults or with the starting place of the deities. remember the fact that, it contributes vitally however to this kind of considerations.

He defines his easy variety as deriving from the Hellenistic and Roman eras, yet as showing, whilst, an historical visual appeal: the legs are indistinguishably closed, the higher palms lie at the line of the physique, whereas the reduce hands are symmetrically stretched out in the direction of the beholder; the decrease physique and legs are usually encased via a narrow-fitting sheath, and the chest is decorated with many 'breasts', heavy necklaces or different undefined. different positive factors are the excessive head-dress and the animals figured on the aspects or in entrance. what's in the beginning a bit brilliant is that, even supposing goddesses predominate, a few male deities are incorporated within the common class; leader between them are Zeus Labraundus and Jupiter Heliopolitanus of Baalbek. The prime goddesses are the Ephesian Artemis, Aphrodite of Aphrodisias (in Caria), Hera of Samos, and Artemis of Perge (in Pamphylia). Welcome positive aspects of the current assemblage of fabric are the due consciousness given to representations on cash and the assiduous monitoring down of all of the extra vague deities who could be assigned to the elemental style. The query of courting, with reference in particular to the final word beginning, is handled too — a truly useful research in view of theories which invoke an Anatolian or Syrian 'Renaissance'.

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Extra resources for Artemis von Ephesos und verwandte Kultstatuen aus Anatolien und Syrien

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Ionia Taf. 6, 304. a SNG Berry ColI. 2 Taf. 40, 1057. 3 SNG Aulock 6 Taf. 56,1856; THIERSCH AE 78 Taf. 49, 6. 4 Bundessammlung von Medaillen, Miinzen und Geldzeichen 34532. 5 SNG Aulock 6 Taf. 57,1869. Vgl. THIER8cH AE 79 Taf. 2; LACROIX, Reproductions 179; LICHTENECKER, Kultbilder 23 ff. 6 AE 79. 7 Kultstatuen 25. 8 F. IMHOOF·BLUMER, Griechische Miinzen Taf. 8, 20 = THIERSCH AE Taf. 49, 5. 9 THIERSCH AE 79 wollte weit seitwiirts reichende Tierprotomen erkennen. DaJ3 tiefsitzende "Briiste" im Profil kriiftig vortreten kiinnen, ist an der Statuette in Solo· thurn E 58 (Tal.

In die Gewande des Tores sind mehrere weitere, sehr einfache Darstellungen der Artemis Ephesia eingeritzt; bei einer steht die Gottin auf einer trapezformigen Basis. E 78 SELQUK Ephesos Taf. 420 Relief im Eingang der 10. Kammer von Siiden an der Ostseite der unteren Agora. UnverOffentlicht. Block 0,95 X 0,44 X 0,42 m. Blaugrauer mittelkorniger Marmor. Die fast ganzlich abgemeil3elte und nur in Umrissen sichtbare Darstellung der Gottin folgt dem iiblichen Typus. Ihre W ollbinden gingen von den Handen statt den Handgelenken aus; der untere Teil der Binden ist in ungewohnlich grol3er Hohe verbreitert.

Von Ch. Ede, London, erworben. Angeblich aus Izmir. , 1971) 27 Abb. 1 H. 0,229 m. Quaderformige, oben und unten profilierte Basis. Die beiden oberen Ependyteszonen sind hoher als die dritte, die Tierprotomen sind angedeutet. lften und dem Brustfeld ein ringformiges, von den Schlafen der Gottin ausgehendes Gebilde angegeben. Der Polos ruht auf einem doppelten Wulstring und zeigt iiber den summarisch angegebenen Tierprotomen einen Tempelaufsatz; drei Naiskoi sind von vorne bzw. schrag sichtbar. Neben dem Korper fallen sehr kraftig gebildete Wollbinden herab.

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